Types of jumps
From Montreal and Sherbrooke (50 minutes):
Highway 10, exit 78, directions to Bromont
From Quebec City (2 hours 45 minutes):
Highway 20, exit 141, Route 137 via Granby.
Follow directions for Highway 10 toward Sherbrooke. Exit 78, directions
Follow "de Bromont" boulevard up to Shefford Street
and turn right (toward "Vieux Village") . Approximately
1 km later, turn left onto "de Gaspé" road. After
3 km, the Bromont Olympic Horse Park is on your right. For Centre
équestre Bromont, turn left on Missisquoi and right on
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Only the rider is judged in equitation classes. He or she is judged
on style, elegance, efficiency and control of the horse both on
the flat and over fences.
The hunter horse goes over a course made up of jumps that resemble
natural obstacles encountered during a hunt. The horse is required
to display power, suppleness, balance and most of all regularity.
The rider must not only put on a good performance, but must also
show elegance. The winning horse-rider pair will therefore be the
one which best displays all these qualities.
The jumper horse goes over a course consisting of obstacles that
are much more brightly coloured and higher than those in the hunter
division. In these competitions, the horse must be confident, powerful,
skillful and respect the obstacles. The competitor, for his part,
demonstrates the quality of his equitation.
The elimination test, when two or more competitors have successfully
completed a clear round over a jumper course. The winner is the
rider who finishes the course in the fastest time and with the fewest
faults, over a shorter course.
The trajectory of the competition is pre-determined by the course
designer. If a participant jumps an obstacle which does not follow
the designated trajectory, or if he omits one, it is a wrong course.
Measures the distance covered by the horse, a simple stride is
on average 12 feet. The distance between the obstacles is based
on this equivalence.
Walk the Course
The riders are allowed to walk the course, in the jumper divisions,
to study the obstacles up close and measure the strides between
the jumps. A horse’s stride on average is the equivalent of
four human steps. Walking the course lets the rider evaluate the
difficulties of the course.
When a horse and rider, in a jumper class, finish a course without
time or obstacle penalties.
A shallow ditch filled with water, with a small fence as a starting
point to incite the horse to jump. The width of the water jump can
reach 12 to 14 feet.
|Fall of horse
What to watch for
The jumps: The general types of jumps used in
competition are straight or vertical fences and spread (wide) fences.
The degree of difficulty is determined by its height, width, construction
and placement in relation to other jumps on the course.
Vertical: This is a straight up and down fence
of any height without spread or width to it. Although it looks relatively
simple, it is actually one of the most difficult for a horse to
jump because there is no baseline on which the horse can focus.
Triple bar: This is a spread fence using three
elements of graduating height. It is a relatively easy jump although
usually very wide.
Combination: This is a series of fences one or
two strides apart. There may be two or three fences involved and
they can be of any type. Combinations are very demanding, for if
the first element is not jumped correctly, it is difficult in the
short space before the next fence to correct the horses’ stride,
to clear the rest of the combination. The number of the fences in
a combination are marked with the same number followed by the letter
of order i.e. 1A,1B,1C, signifying they are all part of a same combination.
Gate: This is a spread fence using three elements
of graduating height. It is a relatively easy jump although, usually
Oxer: This jump consists of two elements in one
jump, in order to produce a spread. The parallel oxer, in which
the front and back rails are of equal height, is the most difficult
to jump because it requires exceptional depth perception by both
horse and rider.
Waterjump: A low hedge of fence usually marks
the leading edge of the jump althoug it may be placed in the center
of the water. The width of the jump, a distance of 12’-16’,
makes this a very difficult fence to negotiate. The horse must clear
the white tape on the far side of the water or incur jumping faults.
here to see examples of course for the 2004 edition of the International
- 1.45 m