Types of jumps
Metric conversion


From Montreal and Sherbrooke (50 minutes):

Highway 10, exit 78, directions to Bromont

From Quebec City (2 hours 45 minutes):

Highway 20, exit 141, Route 137 via Granby.
Follow directions for Highway 10 toward Sherbrooke. Exit 78, directions to Bromont.

In Bromont:

Follow "de Bromont" boulevard up to Shefford Street and turn right (toward "Vieux Village") . Approximately 1 km later, turn left onto "de Gaspé" road. After 3 km, the Bromont Olympic Horse Park is on your right. For Centre équestre Bromont, turn left on Missisquoi and right on Laprairie.

Click here to view the map



Only the rider is judged in equitation classes. He or she is judged on style, elegance, efficiency and control of the horse both on the flat and over fences.


The hunter horse goes over a course made up of jumps that resemble natural obstacles encountered during a hunt. The horse is required to display power, suppleness, balance and most of all regularity. The rider must not only put on a good performance, but must also show elegance. The winning horse-rider pair will therefore be the one which best displays all these qualities.


The jumper horse goes over a course consisting of obstacles that are much more brightly coloured and higher than those in the hunter division. In these competitions, the horse must be confident, powerful, skillful and respect the obstacles. The competitor, for his part, demonstrates the quality of his equitation.


The elimination test, when two or more competitors have successfully completed a clear round over a jumper course. The winner is the rider who finishes the course in the fastest time and with the fewest faults, over a shorter course.

Wrong Course

The trajectory of the competition is pre-determined by the course designer. If a participant jumps an obstacle which does not follow the designated trajectory, or if he omits one, it is a wrong course.


Measures the distance covered by the horse, a simple stride is on average 12 feet. The distance between the obstacles is based on this equivalence.

Walk the Course

The riders are allowed to walk the course, in the jumper divisions, to study the obstacles up close and measure the strides between the jumps. A horse’s stride on average is the equivalent of four human steps. Walking the course lets the rider evaluate the difficulties of the course.

Clear Round

When a horse and rider, in a jumper class, finish a course without time or obstacle penalties.

Water Jump

A shallow ditch filled with water, with a small fence as a starting point to incite the horse to jump. The width of the water jump can reach 12 to 14 feet.


First refusal 4 points
Second refusal Elimination
Knock-down of a rail 4 points
Foot touching the water 4 points
Fall of horse and/or rider Elimination


Red, blue, white
Reserve champion
Blue, yellow, white
First Red
Second Blue
Third White
Fourth Yellow
Fifth Green
Sixth Pink
Seventh Purple
Eighth Brown
Ninth Orange
Tenth Mauve


Type of jumps

What to watch for

The jumps: The general types of jumps used in competition are straight or vertical fences and spread (wide) fences. The degree of difficulty is determined by its height, width, construction and placement in relation to other jumps on the course.

Vertical: This is a straight up and down fence of any height without spread or width to it. Although it looks relatively simple, it is actually one of the most difficult for a horse to jump because there is no baseline on which the horse can focus.

Triple bar: This is a spread fence using three elements of graduating height. It is a relatively easy jump although usually very wide.

Combination: This is a series of fences one or two strides apart. There may be two or three fences involved and they can be of any type. Combinations are very demanding, for if the first element is not jumped correctly, it is difficult in the short space before the next fence to correct the horses’ stride, to clear the rest of the combination. The number of the fences in a combination are marked with the same number followed by the letter of order i.e. 1A,1B,1C, signifying they are all part of a same combination.

Gate: This is a spread fence using three elements of graduating height. It is a relatively easy jump although, usually very wide.

Oxer: This jump consists of two elements in one jump, in order to produce a spread. The parallel oxer, in which the front and back rails are of equal height, is the most difficult to jump because it requires exceptional depth perception by both horse and rider.

Waterjump: A low hedge of fence usually marks the leading edge of the jump althoug it may be placed in the center of the water. The width of the jump, a distance of 12’-16’, makes this a very difficult fence to negotiate. The horse must clear the white tape on the far side of the water or incur jumping faults.


Click here to see examples of course for the 2004 edition of the International Bromont...

Metric Conversion

2'3" - 0.69 m
4'9" - 1.45 m
2'6" - 0.76 m
5'0" - 1.52 m
2'9" - 0.83 m
5'3" - 1.60 m
3'0" - 0.91 m
5'6" - 1.68 m
3'3" - 0.99 m
5'9" - 1.75 m
3'6" - 1.06 m
6'0" - 1.83 m
3'9" - 1.14 m
6'3" - 1.90 m
4'0" - 1.21 m
6'6" - 1.98 m
4'3" - 1.29 m
6'9" - 2.06 m
4'6" - 1.37 m 7'0" - 2.13 m